The Fashion Industry

Research Paper outline


Hook- “A staggering 100 billion items of clothing are being produced annually, and 50% of fast fashion pieces are disposed of within a year.” (Braithwaite, 2018, par. 3).

Background information- Apparel is one of the most important issues for people all over the world. Choosing what to wear is a particular concern for everyone. Because clothing is an important symbol of a person’s appearance. good clothes can make a deep impression on people. This promoted people’s demand for clothing, and the production of factories gradually increased.


Thesis Statement (1, 2, 3) – The rapid growth of the fashion industry is having disastrous effects on the environment, creates a dangerous and unethical work situation for female workers, and the increase in clothing imports has a negative impact on local markets.


Body paragraph 1 – TS1

-The growth of clothing production had disastrous effects on the environment.


Supporting Sentence 1-    The clothing landfill derived from the clothing industry also has an indelible impact on the environment.


Supporting details – discarded clothes polluting the oceans and landfills (Braithwaite, 2018). More than 35% of the microfibres found in the ocean “comes from clothes and textiles, meaning fashion is a major contributor to this pollution” (Braithwaite, 2018, p. 2)

“Fashion is deemed to be one of the world’s most polluting industries – from toxic chemical use to water pollution and waste. Some 35% of the global total of microfibres in the oceans comes from clothes and textiles, meaning fashion is a major contributor to this pollution” (Braithwaite, 2018, The problem with fashion section, para. 2).


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Supporting Sentence 2 – The impact of Synthetic microfibers on the Marine environment is enormous.

Supporting details – Because they can poison life in the ocean, which can lead to the destruction of the entire Marine food chain. (Messinger, 2016). There is an article shows that “These plastic fibers have the potential to bioaccumulate, concentrating toxins in the bodies of larger animals, higher up the food chain.” (Messinger, 2016, par. 5).


Body paragraph 2 – TS2

  • In many places, garment factories have an unethical and dangerous effect on female workers.


Supporting Sentence 1 – Women’s salaries are low in many garment factories.


Supporting details – Many female employees are not paid enough to meet the needs of their families. (Kaur, 2016). According to the Asian minimum wage, it shows “According to the Asia Floor Wage, all garment workers in Asia need a wage increase to be able to provide for their families’ basic needs – including housing, food, education and healthcare” (Kaur, 2016, para. 2).


Supporting Sentence 2 – Working in a clothing factory can have an unethical effect on female employees.


Supporting details – Women are more vulnerable than men, in garment factories, many female employees have been threatened, abused and even insulted in some countries. According to “International Labor Rights Forum report entitled Our Voices, Our Safety interviewed 70 workers in the Bangladesh garment industry. The report highlights threats against women workers who attempt to speak out about workplace abuses” (Kaur, 2016, para. 1).

And in some garment factories, most of the workers are young women. “According to non-profit Remake, 75 million people are making our clothes today, and 80 percent of apparel is made by young women ages 18 to 24.” (Drew & Reichart , 2019, para 7).



Body paragraph 3v – TS3

-The development of the clothing industry has a negative impact on the economy.

Supporting Sentence 1 – The clothing industry has a negative impact on the local market.


Supporting details – Due to a large number of garment imports, the local garment industry has been affected, resulting in a decline in the overall GDP of the garment industry. (Government of Canada, 2017).  “The apparel manufacturing industry exhibited negative growth in GDP and shipments between 2011 and 2015, even though domestic demand for apparel goods has increased.” (Government of Canada, 2017, par. 1).


Supporting Sentence 2 – The decrease of the shipments of apparel manufacturing industry also leads to the negative impact on the economy.


Supporting details –  Although people’s demand for clothing has increased, but the output of the clothing industry shows a negative growth. “Shipments decreased at an average annual rate of 4.0% or by $427 million since 2011.” ((Government of Canada, 2017, para. 2).





Summary of main points – With the increase of people’s demand for clothing, the production of the clothing industry has increased, but at the same time, people pay attention to production without considering the damage to the environment.


Restate thesis statement – Although the development of the fashion industry has positive effects, it also has a negative impact on the marine environment and the local economic market. Moreover, clothing factories should give more benefits and standardized policies for female workers.

Further research/ideas – Fashion clothing industry should reduce the damage to the environment, balance trade and stabilize the development of local economic market, and create a good workplace for female workers.



Please follow this structure:




Background information-

Thesis Statement (1, 2, 3)


Body paragraph 1 – TS1 –  why speaking chinese maintain communication barriers – about the students – THEY speak chinese – THEY maintain barrier

Supporting Sentence 1 – research –  how? (Smith, 2012)

Supporting details

Supporting Sentence 2 – research – how/why? (Hendrick, 2018)

Supporting details


Body paragraph 2 – TS2

Supporting Sentence 1

Supporting details

Supporting Sentence 2

Supporting details


Body paragraph 3v – TS3

Supporting Sentence 1

Supporting details

Supporting Sentence 2

Supporting details



Summary of main points

Restate thesis statement

Further research/ideas



You will submit the first draft of your research paper. You will use the feedback given to you by your teacher on your outline as well as feedback given by a classmate on your rough draft to make revisions before submitting your first draft.

Your paper must fulfill the following requirements in order to earn a passing grade on the first draft:

  • Follows proper APA or MLA formatting including a separate References or Works Cited page
  • Does not include plagiarized information
  • Includes at least 6 citations (min. 4 paraphrases/summaries)
  • Cites at least 5 different sources (2 scholarly)
  • Contains 750-1000 words (not including References)
  • Contains a minimum of 6 paragraphs


Research Paper Rubric

Research Paper Rubric
Criteria Ratings Pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeIntroduction: The hook is appropriately and effectively used to create interest; Issue is introduced and background information is given to contextualize the thesis; A clear research question is posed and addressed; Thesis statement is strong and clear; Introduction follows a funnel structure. 10.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeSupporting Details and Research: Supporting details are clear, logical and specific; Supporting details provide sufficient evidence to answer the research question (RQ); Uses a variety of support: examples, anecdotes, facts and expert opinions. 20.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeCitations and Works Cited or References: Proper format is used in citations; Citations directly support RQ; Provides a signal phrase and analysis with each quotation, paraphrase or summary; Works Cited/References list is complete and has few errors. 10.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeClarity of Ideas: Uses level-appropriate vocabulary (academic and subject-specific); Demonstrates appropriate tone and a sense of objectivity; Few or no serious grammar errors that impede understanding. 20.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeUnity: All topic sentences support the thesis statement; All ideas within the paragraphs directly support the topic sentence of the paragraphs. Coherence: Uses a variety of transitional phrases and clauses to demonstrate a logical connection between and within each paragraph; A variety of sentence structures are used to create flow; Repeats key nouns and references correctly using pronouns or synonyms. 10.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeConclusion: Thesis is restated in a different way; Summarizes the ideas presented in the paper; Gives a strong final thought; Does not introduce new information; Conclusion paragraph is coherent. 10.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeGrammar Makes few grammar errors that impede understanding (sentence structure is correct); uses punctuation accurately; Spells most words correctly; Density of grammar errors is low; Few repeated errors. 20.0 pts
Total Points: 100.0