Karner Blue Butterfly habitats

Instructions
Please see the “Assessment 2 Instructions” document for guidelines.
Annotated Bibliography
Citation:
Smallidge, P.J., Leopold, D.J., & Allen, C.M. (1996). Community characteristics and vegetation
management of Karner Blue Butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) habitats on rights-of-way in
East- Central New York, USA. Journal of Applied Ecology, 33(6), 1405-1419.

Questions:
1. Which perspective(s) and stakeholder(s) do the author(s) represent? You may have to
research the author(s) or organization to answer this question.
This article represents the perspective of the scholars who are interested in understanding the
ideal habitat for Karner Blue Butterfly. The authors are academicians who are interested in
generating knowledge about the species
2. Explain how you found the source. Is it an open-access source or is it limited by
licensing/payment?
I found the source online but it is not an open source as one has to log into Justor account to
access it by paying.
3. How is the information packaged? Is it a website, scientific article, a secondary article,
blog, etc.?
It is a scientific peer reviewed article.
4. Describe the credibility of the source, including how the source was found and the
authority of the source.
The source is credible because the authors have credible academic backgrounds and affiliations.
In addition, it is a peer-reviewed article accessed from Justor, a credible scientific database. The
methodology used is also credible and it has higher internal and external validity which qualifies
for publication in the Journal of Applied Ecology. It uses credible methodology.

5. Explain how this source will be useful for your final project, which is evaluating the
species’ candidacy for de-extinction.
The article is important for the final project because it shows the ideal habitat and right of way
and how these have been infringed in East Central New York. It gives insight on habitat
management. It also studies an area where the butterfly species are concentrated.

ISB 202 Assessment 2 Worksheet Bierema, Fall 2019

6. Describe how the source compares to the other sources that are in this annotated
bibliography. Consider how the source confirms, conflicts with, or offers a new
perspective on the information.
This article is similar to Brown and Boyce (1998) article because they are both primary studies,
although they tackle different issues. The article also explores the same issue of ecological
management with Hess and Hess (2015). It gives new insight on the specie’s ecological
management. However, it differs from all the others.

ISB 202 Assessment 2 Worksheet Bierema, Fall 2019

Citation:
Hess, R.J. & Hess, A.N. (2015). Conserving Karner Blue Butterflies in Wisconsin: a
development of management techniques. American Entomologist, 61(2), 96-113.
Questions:
1. Which perspective(s) and stakeholder(s) do the author(s) represent? You may have to
research the author(s) or organization to answer this question.
The authors presents the conservationists perspective because they research on the management
techniques for conserving the species. They authors are academicians as well as conservationists.
2. Explain how you found the source. Is it an open-access source or is it limited by
licensing/payment?
The source is an open-access source easily accessible through Google Scholar. I found the source
by typing the keyword “Karner Blue Butterfly Lycaeides Melissa ecology” on Google search.
3. How is the information packaged? Is it a website, scientific article, a secondary article,
blog, etc.?
The information is packaged in a secondary scientific article. The article is published in
American Entomologist, a credible peer reviewed database.
4. Describe the credibility of the source, including how the source was found and the
authority of the source.
The source is credible for two reasons. First, the authors are credible academician and
conservationists. Second, the article is published in American Entomologist, a peer reviewed
journal database. Third, it uses a credible methodology. It has higher internal and external
validity.

5. Explain how this source will be useful for your final project, which is evaluating the
species’ candidacy for de-extinction.
This source will be useful for my final project. It generates important information about the
management techniques for conserving Karner Blue Butterflies. This means it falls within the
efforts to conserve the species. It gives new insight on ecological management.
6. Describe how the source compares to the other sources that are in this annotated
bibliography. Consider how the source confirms, conflicts with, or offers a new
perspective on the information.
Like other sources, this article raises the urgency of the need to conserve the specie through
effective management techniques to preserve its ecology. It gives new insight on ecology

ISB 202 Assessment 2 Worksheet Bierema, Fall 2019
management techniques. It supports Smallidge, Leopold, and Allen (1996) views on ecology
management. But it differs from all the other sources in its subject matter.

ISB 202 Assessment 2 Worksheet Bierema, Fall 2019
Citation:
Brown, J.A. & Boyce, M.S. (1998). Line transect sampling of Karner blue butterflies ( Lycaeides
melissa samuelis). Environmental and Ecological Statistics, 5(1), 81-91.
Questions:
1. Which perspective(s) and stakeholder(s) do the author(s) represent? You may have to
research the author(s) or organization to answer this question.
Brown and Boyce (1998) present the perspective of scientists interested in conservation of the
species. Brown is from the Department of Statistics, Massey University, while Boyce is from the
College of Natural Resources, University of Wisconsin.

2. Explain how you found the source. Is it an open-access source or is it limited by
licensing/payment?
The article is an open-access source that I accessed through Research Gate database. However, it
requires payment to access the article in other databases like Springer.
3. How is the information packaged? Is it a website, scientific article, a secondary article,
blog, etc.?
The information is packaged in peer-reviewed scientific article that is published in
Environmental and Ecological Statistics, a credible peer-reviewed journal.
4. Describe the credibility of the source, including how the source was found and the
authority of the source.
The source is credible because the authors have credibility from their professional association.
The article is also peer reviewed to get admitted for publication on Environmental and
Ecological Statistics journal. The methodology used is also credible. It has higher internal and
external validity.

5. Explain how this source will be useful for your final project, which is evaluating the
species’ candidacy for de-extinction.
This source will be used in my final project about the species candidacy for de-extinction. It
discusses the sampling method to assess the distribution and density of the species. This is
important in estimating the capacity of the ecology and the rate of species regeneration within a
given ecology. This information is not found in other sources.
6. Describe how the source compares to the other sources that are in this annotated
bibliography. Consider how the source confirms, conflicts with, or offers a new
perspective on the information.
This article compares with Smallidge, Leopold, and Allen (1996) article. They are both primary
peer-reviewed articles. However, differs from the others because it concentrates on sampling
techniques, an issue not tackled in any other article discussed here. It gives new insight on this.

ISB 202 Assessment 2 Worksheet Bierema, Fall 2019
Citation:
“Priority Butterflies.” Butterfly Website. Retrieved from
https://butterflywebsite.com/endangered-butterflies.cfm
Questions:
1. Which perspective(s) and stakeholder(s) do the author(s) represent? You may have to
research the author(s) or organization to answer this question.
This website presents the perspective of conservationists. It is dedicated to creating awareness
about the endangered butterfly species due to habitat loss.
2. Explain how you found the source. Is it an open-access source or is it limited by
licensing/payment?
The source is an open-access website on different search engines. No membership or payment is
required to access the website.

3. How is the information packaged? Is it a website, scientific article, a secondary article,
blog, etc.?
The information is packaged in the form of a website that is dedicated to creating awareness
about the endangered butterfly species.
4. Describe the credibility of the source, including how the source was found and the
authority of the source.
The credibility of the websites is questionable. It is not a government or organizational websites
but just a personal website with not authority. The website has not listed any association with
credible organizations to add to its credibility. It just represents personal opinions.

5. Explain how this source will be useful for your final project, which is evaluating the
species’ candidacy for de-extinction.
This source will be important for the final project in many ways. One, it contains important
information about the Karner Blue Butterfly and why it is considered endangered. Two, it
provides important background information. But, it must be careful used due to credibility issues.
6. Describe how the source compares to the other sources that are in this annotated
bibliography. Consider how the source confirms, conflicts with, or offers a new
perspective on the information.
This source is unique from others because it is website. It is similar to US Fish & Wildlife
Services since both are websites. Both give factsheet about the species. However, it is less
credible of all the sources. It differs from the others because they are all peer-reviewed.

 

ISB 202 Assessment 2 Worksheet Bierema, Fall 2019

Citation:
“Karner Blue Butterfly Fact Sheet.” US Fish & Wildlife Services. Retrieved from
https://www.fws.gov/midwest/endangered/insects/kbb/kbb_fact.html
Questions:
1. Which perspective(s) and stakeholder(s) do the author(s) represent? You may have to
research the author(s) or organization to answer this question.
This website presents the perspective of the government, which is to inform and create more
awareness about the Karner Blue Butterfly. It gives detailed information about the species and
has a call to action for the public.

2. Explain how you found the source. Is it an open-access source or is it limited by
licensing/payment?
The website is an open-access source that can be easily accessed from any search engine. No
payment is required.
3. How is the information packaged? Is it a website, scientific article, a secondary article,
blog, etc.?
The information is packaged in the form of a website.
4. Describe the credibility of the source, including how the source was found and the
authority of the source.
The source is credible. First, it is a government website. Second, it is links and association with
other conservation organizations. Third, the information is updated from time to time and date of
update listed.

5. Explain how this source will be useful for your final project, which is evaluating the
species’ candidacy for de-extinction.
The source will be useful for the project in different ways. One, it gives background information
on the species. Two, it gives credible reasons why the species is endangered. Three, it lists
efforts being and what can be done to save the species.
6. Describe how the source compares to the other sources that are in this annotated
bibliography. Consider how the source confirms, conflicts with, or offers a new
perspective on the information.
The source is similar to Butterfly Website because both are websites. However, they differ in
their credibility because it is more credible than the latter. It differs from others because they are
peer reviewed journals. It gives new insight into the government’s conservation effort.