LT95-1200-2303 Innovation as Challenge to an Unsustainable Status

LT95-1200-2303 Innovation as Challenge to an Unsustainable Status
Order number:LT95-1200-2303
Word:1200
Major:writing
Reference:MLA style
Requirement:
Writing Project 3:
The More Things Change: Innovation as Challenge to an Unsustainable Status Quo
Plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose. –Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Karr
Purpose
In our first paper, we attempted to understand just how complex any issue in sustainability can be, while our second analyzed the arguments being made about what we should do to address these issues. For our third essay, we now turn our attention to the actual changes being made to help achieve sustainability. In this unit, we will continue our work on invention, thesis development, conceptual and forceful argumentative structure, and our critical and judicious use of outside sources. We will also focus on the unique challenges inherent in selecting and integrating multiple sources purposefully so that they remain subordinated to your thesis, develop greater variety and sophistication in our use of critique and counterargument, and learn about strategies for transitioning organically between paragraphs. LT95-1200-2303 Innovation as Challenge to an Unsustainable Status
Readings / Sources
Alexander. “A Critique of Techno-Optimism: Efficiency without Sufficiency is Lost.” 2014.
Diamandis and Kotler. Abundance: The Future is Better than You Think. 2012. (excerpt)
Welper, Ryan. “Eight Strategies for Using Sources.” Yale College Writing Center. 2014.
At least four articles used in your essay (more will likely be necessary) from mainstream media news sources (newspapers, magazines, popular online periodicals) or scholarly journals
Premise / Context
In The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Thomas A. Kuhn acknowledges that “the historian of science may be tempted to exclaim that when paradigms change, the world itself changes with them.” Kuhn, of course, refers here to revolution in terms of scientific paradigms, but taken more broadly, it would be difficult to argue that some scientific and technological innovations haven’t changed the world. The advances in production and manufacturing that heralded the Industrial Revolution, for instance, came to reshape the very ways we understand human labor and social class. With the advent of penicillin, modern medicine finally had a way to treat infection, which in turn spurred further research into a host of different antibiotics, revolutionized healthcare, and spawned the modern pharmaceutical industry. At least in these cases, scientific breakthroughs produced tangible, far reaching change in how we live our lives.
These are only two of the most common examples of this phenomenon, but our certainty of their significance is propped up by the luxury of historical perspective: only after many decades of observation can we reliably speak to the effects these innovations had on our world. A far more difficult prospect, but one perhaps even more worthy our attention, is evaluating the scientific, technological, and economic innovations of today. Do these new theories and devices promise similar change for society? Can innovative startups and NGOs really change “business as usual”? Or are they merely another means for our current social practices to reinforce and thereby protect themselves? After all, as the saying goes, “the more things change, the more they stay the same.” Look around and consider the latest trends in architectural materials and design, corporate practice and responsibility, information technology, and energy—to what extent do any of these innovations promise a real paradigm shift?.. LT95-1200-2303 Innovation as Challenge to an Unsustainable Status.
Writing Task
Select a contemporary innovation meant to address issues in sustainability that interests you—this may include breakthroughs in the fields of transportation, energy, or architecture; new theoretical insights or discoveries; new consumer products or information technologies; or any other topic relevant to our course thematic—and consider the various ways this innovation actually changes the way we do things.
Alternately, you can choose to explore a specific company, one that is relatively new and claims to be innovating how business is done. Then, in a 5-7 page (no longer than 8 pages), thesis-driven essay, answer the following prompt:
How does your innovation or your company change current practice(s)
and to what extent, if any, does this genuinely challenge the status quo?

LT95-1200-2303 Innovation as Challenge to an Unsustainable Status

To fully and successfully answer this prompt, you will need to incorporate a mixture of primary and secondary sources in your paper. Primary sources (in this case, direct accounts of events that illustrate how this innovation operates in the real world) may include anecdotal evidence, data or other hard figures, your own personal observations, and interviews taken from popular, mainstream news sources. Secondary sources, on the other hand, are those articles that discuss the behaviors and events detailed in your primary sources, and likely will include the popular editorials and scholarly essays that explore your subject.
Beyond the four source minimum, I do not require that you use a specific number of sources—you must decide whether or not you have offered enough evidence to appropriately and successfully back your claims. At the same time, beware using too many sources or allowing those sources to do too much of the talking for you; quantity of sources does not necessarily improve the complexity or sophistication of your argument—indeed, too many outside sources can sometimes detract from the essay, as can too few.
It will also be in your best interest to consider and, if necessary, address any likely objections or counterpoints a skeptical reader may have. This portion of your paper may not need an entire counterargument paragraph devoted to it, but one way or another, by this stage of the semester your writing should be showing an increased awareness of and sensitivity to alternate points of view. By acknowledging and addressing them, you will complicate and qualify your argument in productive ways. LT95-1200-2303 Innovation as Challenge to an Unsustainable Status .
 Be sure to use MLA for citation.

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