Critical Reflection of Topic 1: Mass tourism

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Critical Reflection of Topic 1: Mass tourism, Alternative tourism, or Emergence of sustainable

tourism

Topic 1 gives an important insight into the development of tourism since the late 20 th
century, a time which coincides with increased globalisation and growth of the travel and
tourism industry. However, reading through the topic, one gets a feeling that the term alternative
tourism may be just a reference to a normal practice that has historically formed a part of travel
and tourism. The term just refers to other forms of tourism apart from what the modern society
consider as tourism. Although the topic discusses alternative tourism in details, I tend to feel
there is nothing new in what is being referred to as alternative tourism. Instead, this topic brings
out the narrowed thinking about modern tourism which is confined to sun, beaches, hotels, parks
or game reserves. Our contemporary definition of tourism is narrowed such that anything outside
the normal tourism model is seen as “other” or alterative tourism, while in actual sense it is a part
of tourism. In this topic, the author clearly articulates that during medieval, there were
pilgrimage travel and grand tours which were actually antecedents of tourism (Weaver 2006).

Category:

Description

Guideline for Critical & Reflective Analysis Writing Strategy
 A reflective analysis writing is a record of your thoughts, questions and ideas about your
learning within a course (or professional setting). It is written regularly over a specified
period of time. In your writing, you analyse and reflect on issues (or experiences)
associated with your study (or professional placement). Your writing will show that you
have been thinking about the process of your learning and the development of your
understanding.
 For the assignments 1 and 2, you are required to critically reflect and analyse your
understanding of and different views on a particular issue/concept covered in the Topics
1-7.
 You need to write approximately 400 words per each topic.
 For assignment 1 – part 1, you need to submit topics 1 and 2 writing in one word
document file.
 For assignment 1 – part 2, you need to submit topics 3,4,5,6, and 7 in one word
document file.
 Please read the course outline for further details.
Why is a reflective analysis writing important?
 To record experience
 To facilitate learning and experience
 To support understanding and the representation of the understanding
 To develop critical thinking or the development of a questioning attitude
 To increase active involvement in and ownership of learning
 To increase ability in reflection and thinking
 To enhance problem-solving skills
 To improve writing
 To improve or give ‘voice’ as a means of self expression
 To foster communication and to foster reflective and creative interaction in a group
 To support planning and progress in research or a project
(Moon, J. 1999, Reflection in learning and professional development, Kogan Page, London)
You can find more information on the reflective analysis writing (alternatively, called as
“reflective journal”)
Please see the link
http://www.unisanet.unisa.edu.au/learningconnection/student/learningAdvisors/journal.as
p
2
Reflective analysis writing
Some of the following questions may help you with this writing:
 What were the important elements of the issue?
 What was I thinking and feeling at the time about the issue?
 What did I learn? What insights did I gain? How or why was this significant for me?
 How can I apply my theoretical knowledge to other situations?
 Have my assumptions and perspectives changed as a result of this experience? How?
Weekly Work-in-progress
 You must demonstrate your work-in-progress and independent learning journey by
working on weekly drafts as it requires explaining about your own reflection and
changes in your thinking each week.
The format of Your Assignment 1- part 1: Critical Reflective Analysis
 Must include the reference list for each topic (not at the end of the document)
 Use sub-heading for each topic as below:
– Title page only
– Topic 1
(Essay style of writing and references for this topic)
– Topic 2
(Essay style of writing and references for this topic)
The format of Your assignment 1- part 2: Critical Reflective Analysis
– Title page only
– Topic 3 (Essay style of writing and references for this topic)
– Topic 4 (Essay style of writing and references for this topic)
– Topic 5 (Essay style of writing and references for this topic)
– Topic 6 (Essay style of writing and references for this topic)
– Topic 7 (Essay style of writing and references for this topic)

3
Further Guideline for writing strategy
 Use the first person voice (e.g. I think, …)
 You may need to spend some time to seek more information on the chosen issue
Personal reflection
 Link your personal experience/previous knowledge with academic theories and
assertions on the particular topic which you have learned in the course
 Analyse what you understand and what was difficult or confusing
 Explain what ideas you have changed as a result of your own working/personal
experience and learning in the class (or researching other information from different
sources)
 You need to reflect the meanings of ideas and arguments in terms of relevance and
validity of information (Provide essential evidence that your information is relevant
and/or valid)
Critical analysis
 Ask yourself several critical questions and find out the answers to those questions
 Think about how and why a particular topic can be applied to different situations (in
terms of different disciplines, time difference (the past vs the current), different
tourism destinations, and different sizes and types of organisations)
 Think about different perspectives of other people who work in governments,
tourism industry and NGO (non-government organisation) or tourist perspective
 Include references if you use particular information
 Note: please make sure that you use mixed sources such as academic journal papers,
books, reports, personal experiences, and websites. DO NOT rely on one particular
source.
Writing strategy for reflective analysis writing
• Level of thinking and
analytical skills Description
Definitions
Characteristics of
the concept/issue
Evidence/examples
/reflection
based on your learning experience
Critical analysis
Why? How?
To what extent? Where?
Different perspectives?
Description & reflection
(150 words)
Critical analysis
(250 words)
4
 Select one particular issue/concept
 Do not describe/list the general issue(s) in too much detail
 Select particular examples as part of evidence and reflection
 Focus on analysing how much your chosen issue/concept contributes to tourism
impacts
 Use a critical analysis table for your analysis
Writing structure
For each topic, try to follow the paragraph structure for
your writing
 Select one particular issue/concept from the list of positive
economic impacts of tourism
Introductory
paragraph 1
Your topic sentence
1
Supporting
statements –
arguments &
evidence
Conceptual understanding – Explain about why a
selected concept becomes important in the
context of tourism impacts/what it means to you
& your reflection on the concept
Main paragraph
2
Topic sentence 2 –
your position for
strong impacts of
the selected concept
Supporting
statements –
arguments &
evidence & analysis
Conceptual understanding – Argue about how a
selected tourism concept is related to the
impacts of the tourism industry in different ways
(different levels of tourism impacts)
(e.g. how your chosen tourism example
generates different levels of multiplier effects)
 Reflection of experience – Provide any
experiences/relevant examples which explain
your viewpoint
 Critical analysis – Evaluate how/why a
selected tourism concept/example generates
different tourism impacts, compared to
other examples/perspectives (answering 6Wrelated questions)
Main paragraph
3
Topic sentence 3 –
your position for
weaker impacts of
the selected concept
 Argue about how a selected tourism concept
is related to the impacts of the tourism
industry in different ways (different levels of
tourism impacts)
 Reflection of experience – Provide any
experiences/relevant examples which explain
your viewpoint
5
 Critical analysis – Evaluate how/why a
selected tourism concept/example generates
different tourism impacts, compared to
other examples/perspectives (answering 6Wrelated questions)
Conclusion
paragraph 4
Summarize your key points and/or Suggest a
possible solution for maximizing the positive
impacts of tourism vs minimizing the negative
impacts of tourism (Optional)
Additional notes:
 Need to use mixed sources such as academic journal papers, books, reports, personal
experiences, and websites. DO NOT rely on one particular source.
 Need to analyse and reflect AT LEAST 1 ACADEMIC JOURNAL Article per each topic
in the main body section (with in-text references). (Otherwise, you will lose 10-15%
of the marks).
 Need to use different examples each week rather than using the same destination
examples
 You will be assessed based on the type/amount of information drawn from various
academic sources.
6
Grading
Fail 1
Pass 1
Low P1
P1 +
Credit
D
HD
Step 1: Understanding
 You need to analyse the meanings of ideas and arguments in terms of
relevance and validity of information (Provide essential evidence that
your information is relevant and/or valid)
 You need to link the concept to real examples
Step 2: Reflection
 Reflect what you understand and what was difficult or confusing
 Explain what ideas you have changed as a result of your own
working/personal experience and learning in the class (or researching
other information from different sources)
Step 3: Critical analysis and evaluation
 Think about how and why a particular topic can be applied to different
situations (in terms of different stakeholders, different tourism
destinations, and different sizes and types of organisations)
 Evaluate what factors are influencing your chosen issue (tourism impact
types) and in what extent
 Think about different perspectives of other people who work in
governments, tourism industry and NGO (non-government
organisations), or a tourist perspective
 Ask yourself about which aspects of your chosen concept you value most
and why?
 Compare and contrast different perspectives and arguments between
academics and address which aspects you agree upon
Referencing & research skills
 Include references if you use specific information drawn from various
sources
(However, I recommend you to write all contents in your own words)
Please use the turnitin program for the originality of your assignment

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Critical Reflection of Topic 1: Mass tourism, Alternative tourism, or Emergence of sustainable

tourism

Topic 1 gives an important insight into the development of tourism since the late 20 th
century, a time which coincides with increased globalisation and growth of the travel and
tourism industry. However, reading through the topic, one gets a feeling that the term alternative
tourism may be just a reference to a normal practice that has historically formed a part of travel
and tourism. The term just refers to other forms of tourism apart from what the modern society
consider as tourism. Although the topic discusses alternative tourism in details, I tend to feel
there is nothing new in what is being referred to as alternative tourism. Instead, this topic brings
out the narrowed thinking about modern tourism which is confined to sun, beaches, hotels, parks
or game reserves. Our contemporary definition of tourism is narrowed such that anything outside
the normal tourism model is seen as “other” or alterative tourism, while in actual sense it is a part
of tourism. In this topic, the author clearly articulates that during medieval, there were
pilgrimage travel and grand tours which were actually antecedents of tourism (Weaver 2006)…………….

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