Impact of Trans-Pacific Partnership on the environment, biodiversity, and climate change

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Impact of Trans-Pacific Partnership on the environment, biodiversity, and climate change.

Introduction

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is proposed on the backdrop of rapid economic and
population growth in the Asia-Pacific region which has led to a number of environmental
concerns. The region is faced with a myriad of environmental challenges including high rate of
wildlife trafficking, illegal logging, illegal fishing, increased marine pollution, and others that are
a threat of human health, habitat and biodiversity. 1 The TPP is geared towards addressing these
concerns and preventing inability to enforce domestic environment regulations used to attract
trade and investment opportunities that disregard environment concerns. 2 Therefore, TPP
negotiation seeks members to have environmental commitments and obligations that promote
mutually supporting trade and environmental policies, environmental protection and enforcing of
environmental regulations, and building capacities of the members to address trade-related
environmental challenges through mutual cooperation 3 .

Category:

Description

LWS075: Research Proposal
and Research Paper

Task Assessment Task 2: Research Proposal
Assessment Task 3: Research Paper

Course and
Unit Learning
Outcomes
Addressed

On completion of the Research Proposal and Research Paper you will be
able to:
1. demonstrate advanced knowledge of the salient aspects of international
trade law in regard to commercial transactions of an international nature
(Course Learning Outcomes 1.1, 1.2, 1.3)
2. appraise skills and strategies for successful engagement in international
commercial dealings, relative to the practical concerns of business
regarding the need to recognise and manage risk attendant to such
transactions in the international legal environment (CLOs 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4)
3. analyse the major divergences in practices and arrangements of national
jurisdictions in their regulation of international commercial transactions
(CLOs 2.1, 2.2, 2.3)
4. critically evaluate contemporary developments in international economic
law, especially the initiatives of inter-governmental and non-governmental
trade agencies in developing a unified body of international commercial law
(CLOs 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4), and
5. plan, conduct and evaluate research at an advanced level and write a
substantial research paper on current topics in areas of law relating to
international business transactions (CLOs 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 4.1, 4.2, 5.1,
5.2, 5.3).

Specifications Assessment Task 2: Research proposal

 Word limit: 1500-2000 words. In accordance with Law School Policy,
words in excess of 2000 words will not be read or marked. The word
limit does not include text in footnotes or the bibliography. Footnotes
should not contain substantive argument.
 Citation/Style Guide: Your methodology must be referenced in
accordance with AGLC3 and Written Assessment in the Law School,
i.e. you must use footnotes and a bibliography.

CRICOS No. 00213J

Assessment Task 3: Research Paper
 Word limit: 3,000 – 4,000 words. In accordance with Law School
Policy, words in excess of 4000 words will not be read or
marked. The word limit does not include text in footnotes or the
bibliography. Footnotes should not contain substantive argument.
 The research paper must be based upon the approved research
methodology in your Research Proposal. It must take into account
the feedback provided to you in relation to your Research Proposal.
 Citation/Style Guide: Your paper must be referenced in accordance
with AGLC3 and Written Assessment in the Law School, i.e. you
must use footnotes and a bibliography.

Overview
Task 2: Research Proposal
You are required to prepare a Research Proposal setting out:
(1) your topic and your approach to the topic
(2) research question/s
(3) the methodology you will adopt in your research and
(4) an initial literature review of the most highly relevant scholarly literature, case law,
legislation, international treaties or government materials.
The Research Proposal is the first stage of development of your Research Paper
which requires you to critically analyse a topic of current concern in areas of
international commercial transactions.
The topic list is set out below. If you would prefer to do a topic not on this list, then
you must seek prior approval from the Unit Coordinator.
Your Research Proposal must be referenced using footnotes and a bibliography in
accordance with the AGLC style. Footnotes and bibliography are not included in the
word limit.
Task 3: Research Paper
You are required to prepare a written Research Paper that critically analyses your
topic. Critical analysis requires you to take a position (that is, formulate a central
argument), and develop that argument throughout your paper by critically analysing
the most highly scholarly relevant literature, case law, legislation, international treaties
or government materials.
Your Research Paper must be referenced using footnotes and a bibliography in
accordance with the AGLC style. Footnotes and bibliography are not included in the
word limit. Your research paper must be based on the same topic as your Research
Proposal.

CRICOS No. 00213J

What you will do

CRICOS No. 00213J

Reseach Proposal:
1. Choose a topic from the list (below).
2. Focus on planning and writing each of the critical elements of the Research Proposal:
a. Research Topic
Develop a comprehensive, clear and concise restatement of your research topic
that clearly articulates and identifies the nature of the research undertaken in your
chosen topic.
b. Proposed Research Methodology
Formulate a plan as to how you will approach your research for the project (both
the Research Proposal and the Research Paper). This is your research plan. It
should identify how you will locate and identify the most highly relevant material,
and what materials that may be. For example, depending upon your topic, this
may be a range of scholarly literature, case law, legislation, international treaties
or government materials. Clearly and comprehensively formulate a plan
(methodology) as to how you will approach the research that outlines the types of
sources you will use, the variety of databases and other sources you will use and
their usefulness, and the search strategies you will use in your research.
c. Research Questions
Develop a comprehensive, clear and concise list of research questions that are all
appropriate and highly relevant to your topic.
d. Initial Literature Review
i. Based upon your research plan, and research questions, research the topic
with a view to identifying the relevant reference material. Depending upon
your topic this will include a range of materials drawing from scholarly
literature, case law, legislation, international treaties or government
materials. Sort your sources to identify and prioritise those that are most
highly appropriate, current and authoritative.
ii. Synthesise and critically evaluate the relevant materials that you have
located in your research which are the most relevant for the purposes of
drafting your literature review. Analyse your relevant materials in a
sophisticated way – this means identifying patterns, strengths and
weaknesses of the sources chosen, and the contribution of the sources to
understanding about the topic. Reflect upon the connections and underlying
themes between sources and relevance to your topic.

Research Paper:
1. Reflect upon the feedback you receive on your Research Proposal.
2. Implement your research methodology based upon your research questions.
3. Further develop your literature based on your further research.
4. Develop your argument based upon your critical analysis of sources you have prioritised
as most highly relevant to the topic.
5. Write and refine your paper. Make sure that you pay close attention to all the elements of
the Research Paper:

a. Your paper must adopt a scholarly tone and be of an advanced (that is, post-
graduate) standard.

b. It must include an introduction that clearly and concisely poses the issue you have
researched, and an original conclusion that is consistent with and well supported
by your argument.

CRICOS No. 00213J

c. Make sure your headings are clear, logical and used judiciously to assist the
reader by presenting a well reasoned, complete argument.
d. Make sure your legal argument is well constructed and logical. This means that
every element of your argument must be directly relevant to and support your
approach to the topic. Progression through the elements of the argument must be
fluent, concise and coherent. Make sure your arguments are expressed in a
manner that demonstrates your understanding of the research question.
e. Your paper should be presented such that it is neat, legible, organised and
professional
f. Proof read your paper to ensure that there are no errors of spelling, punctuation or
grammar, and that all your referencing is correct and fully supports all contentions
made in your paper.
g. Make sure that your paper meets QUT’s expectations for academic integrity, that
you have acknowledged all sources and the ideas of others via referencing,
including footnotes and a bibliography that complies with AGLC3 and Written
Assessment in the Law School.
h. Check that all relevant issues are identified through well balanced and insightful
analysis of theoretical and/or practical literature, that your arguments are
compelling, well supported and relevant to the legal issues presented and is
supported and justifiable through demonstrated research.
i. Make sure your paper evidences your research effort and the depth of research of
the literature your have engaged with and relied upon in building your argument.
That is, That is, scholarly literature, case law, legislation, international treaties or
government materials. Do this via referencing to add to the quality or effectiveness
of your argument.

CRICOS No. 00213J

Topic List:
(Choose one topic. This will be the topic for both your Research Proposal and your
Research Paper.)
1. Consider the recent trade dispute initiated by the Australian Government against Canada
in relation to protectionist measures affecting wine sales.
Analyse the claims made by the Australian government in relation to the breaches of the
GATT 1994 obligations. When the past decisions of the dispute settlement body are
considered are these complaints likely to be upheld?
In your research paper use the WTO website to access at least 3 past decisions that may
be relevant to this dispute.
2. It is increasingly common for businesses to include on their websites the standard terms
upon which they will contract. How can a party ensure that their standard terms become
part of their contracts for the international sale/purchase of goods?
3. Critically analyse and discuss options under the CISG for resolving ambiguity where both
parties have attempted to include competing standard terms and conditions into their
contract.
4. Considering the role of transparency in developing a body of international arbitral
jurisprudence, should international commercial arbitral awards be published and made
publicly available?
5. Select a country that has not yet adopted the UNCITRAL Model Law on Cross-border
Insolvency (1997). Provide arguments as to why it should or should not adopt the Model
Law as part of its domestic insolvency laws for business.
6. Critically evaluate the approach of the UNCITRAL Model Law on Cross-border
Insolvency (1997) to identifying the place of foreign main proceedings for the purposes of
recognition and automatic relief. Substantiate your answers by reference to case law.
7. Critically evaluate how well the UNCITRAL Model Law on Cross-border Insolvency
addresses issues that can arise in a cross-border insolvency in the maritime industry.
Substantiate your answer by reference to Australian case law.
8. Should the Australian Parliament implement the revised intellectual property chapter in
the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP-11)?
9. Should the Australian Parliament support the investor-state dispute settlement regime in
the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP-11)?

10.Should the Australian Parliament accept the electronic commerce chapter in the Trans-
Pacific Partnership (TPP-11)?

11.Are safeguards relating to tobacco control in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP-11)
effective?
12.What impact will the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP-11) have upon access to essential
medicines?
13.What will be the impact of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP-11) upon the environment,
biodiversity, and climate change?
14.Do you agree with the Productivity Commission that Australia’s process for treaty-making
should be revised and modernised?

CRICOS No. 00213J

What you will submit
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
You must submit your Research Proposal (Due Date – Friday 20 April 11.59 pm) and
Research Paper (Due Date – Friday 1 June 11.59 pm) to the FINAL submission link
provided for each item of assessment located under the “assessment” link on the unit’s
Blackboard site.
Ensure that you familiarise yourself with the CRA (the criteria upon which you will be
marked) for each task. These CRA are contained within this document. You are not required
to attach a copy of the CRA to your submissions.

Research Proposal: Criterion Referenced Assessment
Criteria 7 6 5 4 3-1 Maximum
Mark

Written
communication
and Referencing

Writing skills are of an
excellent standard, eg:
 Very professional,
logical and
appropriate
structure;
 Effective use of
headings and
subheadings;
 accurate bibliographic
details and citations are
always provided;
references are always in
the correct style;
 footnotes always used
appropriately;
 no mistakes in spelling
and/or grammar;
 language and writing
style is very easy to
read.

Writing skills are of a very
high standard, eg
 predominantly
professional, logical
and appropriate
structure;
 effective use of headings
and subheadings;
 accurate bibliographic
details and citations are
almost always provided;
references are almost
always in the correct
style;
 footnotes almost always
used appropriately;
 only very minor
mistakes in spelling
and/or grammar;
 language and writing
style is easy to read.

Writing skills are of a
good standard, eg
 generally professional,
logical and
appropriate
structure;
 good use of headings
and subheadings;
 accurate bibliographic
details and citations are
mostly provided, most
references are in the
correct style;
 footnotes generally
always used
appropriately;
 only small mistakes in
spelling and/or
grammar
 language and writing
style is easy to read

Writing skills are of a
satisfactory standard, eg:
 basic appropriate
structure, but the
component parts are
not all well-written
and well-integrated;
 some bibliographic
details and references
are correct;
 some appropriate
footnoting;
 some footnotes lacking
or inaccurate;
 few mistakes in spelling
and/or grammar, with

evidence that proof-
reading has not been

thorough;
 language and writing
style is readable, but
there may be sections
which could improve.

Poorly written. Many of
the following evident:
 inappropriate and
unprofessional
structure, with a lack of
logical progression;
 many formalities
missing;
 bibliographic details
and citations are
missing or contain many
errors
 little or no use of
headings;
 inadequate references;
 numerous mistakes in
spelling and/or
grammar;
 language and/or writing
style makes
comprehension difficult.
10

(1) Research Topic
Statement of
Research topic

A comprehensive, clear
and concise statement of
your research topic that
clearly articulates and
identifies the nature of the
research.

A reasonably
comprehensive, clear and
concise statement of your
research topic that
reasonably clearly
articulates and identifies

A statement of your
research topic is included
that articulates and
identifies the nature of
almost all aspects of the
research. However, your

A statement of your
research topic is included
that articulates and
identifies the nature of
most aspects of the
research. However, your

A statement of your
research topic is not
included, or it is included
but you demonstrated a
limited ability to articulate
and identify the nature of
10

Criteria 7 6 5 4 3-1 Maximum
Mark

the nature of the research. statement may be unclear,
lacking detail, or verbose.

statement may be unclear,
incomplete, lacking detail,
or verbose.

the research.

(2) Research
Questions

A comprehensive, clear
and concise statement of
your research questions
that are all appropriate
and highly relevant to
your research topic.

A reasonably
comprehensive, clear and
concise statement of your
research questions that
are all appropriate highly
relevant to your research
topic. One or two research
questions highly relevant
to your research topic
may have been
overlooked.

A statement of your
research questions is
included, however your
statement may be unclear,
lacking detail or verbose.
Almost all your research
questions are appropriate
and highly relevant to
your research topic. You
may have overlooked a
number of research
questions highly relevant
to your research topic.

A statement of your
research questions is
included, however your
statement may be unclear,
lacking detail or verbose.
Some of your research
questions are appropriate
and highly relevant to
your research topic. You
may have overlooked a
number of research
questions highly relevant
to your research topic.

You have not included as
statement of your
research questions, or you
have included a statement
of your research
questions, but you
demonstrated a limited
ability to articulate and
identify appropriate
research questions.

10

Criteria 7 6 5 4 3-1 Maximum
Mark

(3) Proposed
Research
Methodology

You have provided a plan
as to how you will
approach your research
for your research paper
which:
 is highly appropriate
to the location of
primary and
secondary source
materials relevant to
your Research Topic;
and
 comprehensively,
clearly and concisely
outlines your
research method in
terms of:
o the types of
primary and
secondary
sources used;
o a variety of
databases and
other sources
and their
usefulness; and
o the search
strategies used.

You have provided a plan
as to how you will
approach your research
for your research paper
which:
 is reasonably
appropriate to the
location of primary
and secondary source
materials relevant to
your Research Topic;
and
 reasonably
comprehensively,
clearly and concisely
outlines your
research method in
terms of:
o the types of
primary and
secondary
sources used;
o a variety of
databases and
other sources
and their
usefulness; and
o the search
strategies used

You have provided a plan
as to how you will
approach your research
for your research paper
which could have been
improved by being more
comprehensive, but is:
 appropriate to the
location of primary
and secondary source
materials relevant to
your Research Topic;
and
 clearly and concisely
outlines your
research method, in
terms of:
o the types of
primary and
secondary
sources used;
o a variety of
databases and
other sources
and their
usefulness; and
o the search
strategies used.

You have provided a plan
as to how you will
approach your research
for your research paper
which:
 is mostly appropriate
to the location of
primary and
secondary source
materials relevant to
your Research Topic;
and
 comprehensively,
clearly and concisely
outlines your
research method in
terms of:
o the types of
primary and
secondary
sources used;
o a variety of
databases and
other sources
and their
usefulness; and
o the search
strategies used

You have not provided a
research plan, of where a
research plan has been
provided, it lacks detail, or
insufficiently outlines
your research method in
terms of:
 the types of primary
and secondary source
materials used
and/or
 the databases (or
other sources) and
their usefulness;
and/or
 the search strategies
used
as relevant to the
Research Topic.
Additionally it may not
sufficiently span relevant
issues arising in the
Research Topic.

20

(4) Initial
Literature Review
Demonstrated
skills in finding
relevant high
quality primary
and secondary
sources from law
and (where
relevant) other
disciplines

A comprehensive
coverage of relevant
materials (including
legislation/regulation,
case law, treaties,
commentary/research).
Excellent choice and
prioritisation of
appropriate sources.
Sources are always
current.

Very good coverage of
relevant materials
(including
legislation/regulation,
case law, treaties,
commentary/research).
Very good choice and
prioritisation of sources.
Sources are current.

Good coverage of relevant
materials (including
legislation/regulation,
case law, treaties,
commentary/research).
Good choice and
prioritisation of sources.
Sources are usually
current, but a small
number may be outdated.

Satisfactory coverage of
relevant materials
(including
legislation/regulation,
case law, treaties,
commentary/research).
Satisfactory choice and
prioritisation of sources.
Some sourses are current,
but others are outdated.

Inadequate or no coverage
of relevant materials
(including
legislation/regulation,
case law, treaties,
commentary/research).
Poor choice and
prioritisation of sources.
Sources are outdated
and/or irrelevant.

10

Demonstrated
skills in
summarising
relevance of
primary and
secondary sources
from law and
(where relevant)
other disciplines.

Excellent and concise
summary of the chosen
sources, and their
authoritative nature.

Very good summary of the
chosen sources, their
relevance to the law
reform question, and their
authoritative nature.

Good summary of the
chosen sources, their
relevance to the law
reform question, and their
authoritative nature.

Satisfactory and concise
summary of the chosen
sources, their relevance to
the law reform question,
and their authoritative
nature.

Inadequate summary of
the chosen sources. Little
or no consideration of the
relevance of the sources to
the law reform question,
and/or their authoritative
nature.

20

Critical analysis
and reflection

Sophisticated and very
high level of analysis of
the patterns, strengths
and weaknesses of the
sources chosen, and the
contribution of the
sources to understanding
about the topic. Excellent
reflection on the
connections and
underlying themes
between sources and
relevance to the law
reform question.

Very high level of analysis
of the patterns, strengths
and weaknesses of the
sources chosen and the
contribution of the
sources to understanding
about the topic. Very high
order reflection on the
connections and
underlying themes
between sources and
relevance to the law
reform question.

Good level of analysis of
the patterns, strengths
and weaknesses of the
sources chosen and the
contribution of the
sources to understanding
about the topic. Generally
a good level of reflection
on the connections and
underlying themes
between sources and
relevance to the law
reform question.

Satisfactory level of
analysis of the patterns,
strengths and weaknesses
of the sources chosen and
the contribution of the
sources to understanding
about the topic, but more
detail could have been
provided. Some attempt to
reflect on the connections
and underlying themes
between sources and
relevance to the law
reform question, but this
was superficial in parts.

Inadequate or no analysis
of the patterns, strengths
and weaknesses of the
sources chosen and/or the
contribution of the
sources to understanding
about the topic.
Inadequate or no
reflection the connections
and underlying themes
between sources and
relevance to the law
reform question.

20

Final Mark / 25%

RESEARCH PAPER (60%)
CRITERIA EXCELLENT
7

VERY GOOD
6

GOOD
5

SOUND
4

UNSATISFACTORY
3-1

STRUCTURE
10%
Scholarly: A scholarly paper of an
excellent and advanced standard
Introduction: Introduction clearly
and concisely poses the research
issue.
Headings: Clear and logical
headings judiciously used to assist
the reader by presenting a well
reasoned, complete argument.
Structure of Argument: Legal
argument is well constructed and
logical. Progression through the
elements of the argument is fluent,
concise and coherent. Arguments
are expressed in a manner that
demonstrates an excellent and
advanced understanding of the
research question.
Conclusion: An original conclusion
consistent with and well supported
by legal argument.

Scholarly: A scholarly paper of a
very good and advanced standard.
Introduction: Introduction
clearly poses the research issue.
Headings: Clear and logical
headings assist the reader by
presenting a complete argument.
Structure of Argument: Legal
argument is logical. Progression
through the elements of the
argument is fluent and coherent.
Arguments are expressed in a
manner than demonstrates a very
good understanding of the
research question.
Conclusion: An original
conclusion consistent with legal
argument.

Scholarly: A scholarly paper of a
good standard.
Introduction: Introduction is
appropriate to the research issue.
Headings: Clear headings assist the
reader with the flow of your
argument.
Structure of Argument:
Legal argument is logical.
Progression through the elements of
the argument is fluent and succinct.
Arguments are presented through a
coherent structure.
Conclusion: Conclusion is
consistent with legal argument.

Scholarly: Sound attempt at a
scholarly paper.
Introduction: Introduction relates to
the research issue.
Headings: Headings are used and give
some coherency to structure.
Structure of Argument: Legal
argument is sound. Progression
through the elements of the argument
demonstrates a satisfactory level of
fluency for a postgraduate unit.
Arguments are presented through an
observable structure that makes some
attempt at internal logic.
Conclusion: The paper has a sound
and appropriate conclusion.

Scholarly: Some attempt at a scholarly paper,
but the paper does not demonstrate a
satisfactory standard for a postgraduate unit.
Introduction: The paper has an introduction
but it demonstrates a lack of clarity or
understanding of the research issue.
Headings: Some headings are used but they
contribute little to providing a coherent
structure.
Structure of Argument: Arguments are not
legal or where arguments are legal, the
arguments are either:
 not sound
 advanced in a manner that is not logical
or demonstrates an unsatisfactory level
of fluency for a postgraduate unit
 verbose or vague rather than succinct
 illogical
 difficult to follow in whole or in part, or
 contain irrelevant material significantly
detracting or undermining relevant
material.
Conclusion: The paper does not have a
conclusion or if it does have a conclusion, the
conclusion is not consistent with the legal or
other argument presented.

STYLE 10% Presentation: Presentation is neat,
legible, organised and professional
Spelling, Grammar and
Punctuation: No errors of spelling,
punctuation or grammar.
Referencing: All referencing,
including footnotes and
bibliography is correct and complies
with AGLC3 and Written Assessment
in the Law School.

Presentation: Presentation is
neat, legible, organised and
professional
Spelling, Grammar and
Punctuation: No errors of
spelling, punctuation or grammar.
Referencing: All referencing,
including footnotes and
bibliography is correct and
complies with AGLC3 and Written
Assessment in the Law School.

Presentation: Presentation is neat,
legible, organised and professional
Spelling, Grammar and
Punctuation: No errors of spelling,
punctuation or grammar.
Referencing: All referencing,
including footnotes and
bibliography is correct and complies
with AGLC3 and Written Assessment
in the Law School.

Presentation: Care has clearly been
taken to ensure that presentation is
neat, legible, organised and
professional
Spelling, Grammar and Punctuation:
Care has clearly been taken to ensure
there are no errors of spelling,
punctuation or grammar.
Referencing: Care has clearly been
taken to ensure that all referencing,
including footnotes and bibliography is
correct and complies with AGLC3 and
Written Assessment in the Law School.

Presentation: Presentation is untidy or
disorganised.
Spelling, Grammar and Punctuation: Paper
contains errors in either spelling, punctuation
or grammar that would have been identified
in careful proof reading.
Referencing: Referencing is either inaccurate
or does not comply with AGLC3 and Written
Assessment in the Law School in all respects.

CONTENT
80%
Critical analysis of relevant
theoretical and/or practical
literature 20%: All relevant issues
are identified through well balanced
and insightful analysis of theoretical
and/or practical literature.
Quality of Arguments 25%: All
arguments are original, compelling,
well supported and relevant to the
legal issues presented.
Depth of Research in Support of
Argument 25%: Argument is well
supported and justifiable through
demonstrated research. Evidence of
depth of research of papers, texts,
treaties and cases with references to
these which add to the originality or
effectiveness of the argument.
Referencing demonstrates an excellent
and thorough research effort.
Appropriate careful and consistent
referencing 10%: All referencing is
correct and fully supports all
contentions made.

Critical analysis of relevant
theoretical and/or practical
literature 20%: Almost all relevant
issues are identified through
balanced, reflective analysis of
theoretical and/or practical literature
from various perspectives.
Quality of Arguments 25%: All
arguments are well thought out, well
supported and relevant to the legal
issues presented.
Depth of Research in Support of
Argument 25%: Argument is well
supported and justifiable through
demonstrated research. Referencing
demonstrates a thorough research
effort
Appropriate careful and
consistent referencing 10%: All
referencing is correct and supports
all contentions made.

Critical analysis of relevant
theoretical and/or practical
literature 20%: Most relevant issues
are identified and analysed via
consideration of theoretical and/or
practical literature.
Quality of Arguments 25%:
Arguments are well supported and
relevant to the legal issues presented.
Irrelevant arguments/issues may have
been included, but they do not detract
from internal logic.
Depth of Research in Support of
Argument 25%: Argument is
supported and justified through
demonstrated research. Referencing
demonstrates a good research effort,
though this research could have been
more thorough.
Appropriate careful and
consistent referencing 10%: All
referencing is correct and mostly
supports all contentions made.

Critical analysis of relevant theoretical
and/or practical literature 20%:
Relevant issues are identified and
analysed via consideration of theoretical
and/or practical literature.
Quality of Arguments 25%:
Arguments are sound and relevant to
the legal issues presented. Irrelevant
arguments/issues may have been
included. Stronger arguments may
have been overlooked or not given
appropriate weight.
Depth of Research in Support of
Argument 25%: Referencing
demonstrates that an attempt has been
made to support and justify argument
through research. Referencing
demonstrates a sound research effort,
though this research could have been
more thorough.
Appropriate careful and consistent
referencing 10%: Care has clearly
been taken to ensure that referencing
is correct and fully supports all
contentions made.

Critical analysis of relevant theoretical
and/or practical literature 20%: Little or no
evidence of understanding of relevant issues,
although one or two issues may have been
identified in a random way.
Quality of Arguments 25%: Relevant law is
identified, but there is no observable logic to the
law addressed, or much of the content is
irrelevant. Arguments may be unsustainable,
unsupportable or illogical.
Depth of Research in Support of Argument
25%: Referencing, or lack thereof, demonstrates
an unsatisfactory research effort. There may be
few or no relevant papers, treaties or cases
referred to. References may not extend beyond
the text book or materials referred to in the text
book or in class. Little attempt has been made to
support or justify argument through thorough
research.
Appropriate careful and consistent
referencing 10%: There may be:
 little or no referencing
 referencing with scant regard to QUT’s
legal referencing guidelines or Faculty
policies relating to submission of
original work
 referencing which does not support
the contentions made or
 evidence of plagiarism.

Final Mark / 60%

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Impact of Trans-Pacific Partnership on the environment, biodiversity, and climate change

Introduction

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is proposed on the backdrop of rapid economic and
population growth in the Asia-Pacific region which has led to a number of environmental
concerns. The region is faced with a myriad of environmental challenges including high rate of
wildlife trafficking, illegal logging, illegal fishing, increased marine pollution, and others that are
a threat of human health, habitat and biodiversity. 1 The TPP is geared towards addressing these
concerns and preventing inability to enforce domestic environment regulations used to attract
trade and investment opportunities that disregard environment concerns. 2 Therefore, TPP
negotiation seeks members to have environmental commitments and obligations that promote
mutually supporting trade and environmental policies, environmental protection and enforcing of
environmental regulations, and building capacities of the members to address trade-related
environmental challenges through mutual cooperation3 …..

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