Men and Intimacy


Men and Intimacy

The friendship between heterosexual and homosexual men has been examined in social sciences since the conception of the 20th century. Though friendship is mainly experienced by people as a complicated psychological aspect, its behavioural prohibitions, requisites, and dimensions are socially regulated and defined (Robinson, Anderson & White 2018). Nonetheless, in 20th century investigations were conducted on friendship between men and they were centred on what is missing as contrasted to what exists in women’s friendship such as physical and emotional intimacy. Understanding the sociology of men involves understanding the masculinity. According to De Visser, Smith and McDonnell (2009) and Enguix and Gómez-Narváez (2018), masculinity is the social roles, behaviour, and relations of men in a particular society and the meanings attributed to them. In this essay, gender is studied in comparative perspective. The modern gender theory is centred on the division of labour, ideology, social control, power, and violence as interactional and structural bases of inequalities between men and women in various social classes and ethnic groups rather that from the dimensions of individual outcome of childhood socialization or traits. Gender serves as an organising principle of institutions like family, culture, society, politics, and economy. Sumpter (2015) noted that the construction of gender in society is different in the basis of space and time. This means that what is regarded as natural or normal for a man or a woman in one culture is conceived inappropriate in another. These differences are not only between societies but also within societies whereby the interaction between class and race with gender results in various norms.



Assessment Task 2: The Research Essay
Word limit: 2500
Style: Harvard
Criteria for marking: This task will develop your research and writing skills and your capacity for
independent learning. In your argument, you will be able to demonstrate your knowledge of key
theoretical frameworks in the areas we are studying and show your capacity to express a critically
informed position. Your argument will be based on sound independent research. Presentation, including
appropriate citation and good clear expression, will be important in this task. Men and Intimacy.
Why might men feel obliged or inclined to define their intimate friendships with other men
through use of the term ‘bromance’? Discuss using relevant examples.
How might our current cultural ideals about men’s bodies be reflective of shifts in gendered
power dynamics? Discuss using relevant examples.
Using a series of advertising campaigns of your choosing, critically evaluate the relationship
between masculinity, men and alcohol consumption, heterosexual prowess and/ or sports.
Research Essay/Project Tips
Some key features of good research essays:
Clarity in structure
 It is very important to edit your work towards this end, so that your argument clearly ‘shines’
through and your reader does not have to go searching for it amongst a jumble of points,
information and material.
 An introduction which is well structured is one that states the question and your
argument/response concisely, and briefly outlines the key points you will make to support
your argument/response to the question. · Defines your use of any terms that are key to your
argument. · A body which is well structured is generally separated into different sections for
different points. Ideally, each paragraph should make one clear point, and each point should
build on the last in order to progress your argument (make your case stronger). · Your
conclusion should summarise your response to the question and summarise the points you
have made to establish a clear and persuasive argument.
Clarity in writing
 Short, sharp, to-the-point sentences. If your sentence goes for more than 3 lines, revise it
for the sake of clarity and for your poor reader!
 Thorough editing. This means looking carefully over working material and completed drafts
and revising your expression for clarity. Another important goal of editing is to cut out ANY
point or information that does not directly relate to your argument, or to the QUESTION you
are answering. It may be very interesting, but if it does not serve your argument, it needs to

 Clear explanations of key terms and theoretical concepts. Do not assume that your reader
knows anything! Always explain your use of terms for them. Do not use important terms,
concepts, or ideas (e.g. ‘masculinity’, ‘hegemonic, ‘homosociality’) without first outlining for
your readers precisely how you will be using these terms (what you mean by them).
Evidence of research and connection between theoretical ideas
 Engagement with unit ideas/application of unit ideas
 Use of readings from a variety of weeks in the course/outside research AND/OR thorough
engagement with a particular issue or author.
 Making connections between different theories and issues, and the specific topic/question
you are addressing; making clear for readers the links between various areas of
knowledge/theory. Men and Intimacy.
 Evidence in your argument, quotes, and reference list that you have examined sources
besides the set readings and done some independent research.
 Thorough and consistent referencing and acknowledging of ideas and sources.

Reference Materials
It is highly recommended to build the essay on these articles and books
Reeser, T.W., 2010. Masculinities in theory an introduction /, Chichester ;: Wiley-
Moss, Mark. The Media and the Models of Masculinity, Lexington Books, 2012.
ProQuest Ebook Central
Anderson, E 2009, Inclusive Masculinity : The Changing Nature of Masculinities,
Routledge, London. Available from: ProQuest Ebook Central. [5 September 2019].
Enguix, B. and Gómez-Narváez, E. (2018) ‘Masculine Bodies, Selfies, and the
(Re)configurations of Intimacy’, Men and Masculinities, 21(1), pp. 112–130.
doi:  10.1177/1097184X17696168 .
Thurnell-Read, T. (2012) ‘What Happens on Tour: The Premarital Stag Tour,
Homosocial Bonding, and Male Friendship’, Men and Masculinities, 15(3), pp.
249–270. doi:  10.1177/1097184X12448465 .
Robinson, S., Anderson, E. & White, A. 2018, "The Bromance: Undergraduate Male
Friendships and the Expansion of Contemporary Homosocial Boundaries", Sex
Roles, vol. 78, no. 1-2, pp. 94-106.
Beasley, C, & Brook, H 2019, The Cultural Politics of Contemporary Hollywood Film
: Power, Culture, and Society, Manchester University Press, Manchester. Available
from: ProQuest Ebook Central. [5 September 2019].
Youth masculinities: compelling male heterosexuality, Diane Richardson
MALE AND FEMALE SLUTS:Shifts and Stabilities in the Regulation of Sexual
Relations Among Young Heterosexual Men,Michael Flood
McCormack, M. (2018) ‘Mostly straights and the study of sexualities: An
introduction to the special issue’, Sexualities, 21(1–2), pp. 3–15. doi:

De Visser, R. O., Smith, J. A. and McDonnell, E. J. (2009) ‘‘That’s not masculine’:
Masculine Capital and Health-related Behaviour’, Journal of Health Psychology,
14(7), pp. 1047–1058. doi:  10.1177/1359105309342299 .
Media Use and Men’s Risk Behaviors: Examining the Role of Masculinity Ideology
Salgado, D. M., Knowlton, A. L., & Johnson, B. L. (2019). Men’s health-risk and
protective behaviors: The effects of masculinity and masculine norms. Psychology of
Men & Masculinities, 20(2), 266-275.
Sumpter, K. C. ( 2015) Masculinity and Meat Consumption: An Analysis Through the
Theoretical Lens of Hegemonic Masculinity and Alternative Masculinity Theories,
Sociology Compass, 9, pages 104– 114. doi: 10.1111/soc4.12241.
PEASE, B. (2002) ‘(Re)Constructing Men’s Interests’, Men and Masculinities, 5(2),
pp. 165–177. doi:  10.1177/1097184X02005002003 .
Working-Class Masculinities at the Nexus of Work, Family and Intimacy in the Age
of Neoliberalism: Or, Are the Times Really A-Changin’?
Roberts, S 2018, Young Working-Class Men in Transition, Routledge, Milton.
Available from: ProQuest Ebook Central. [5 September 2019].
Masculinity, Labour and Neoliberalism: Reviewing the Field……. Men and Intimacy………