NATURAL HISTORY: PLANT OR ANIMAL FOSSILS FOUND IN MUSEUMS

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NATURAL HISTORY: PLANT OR ANIMAL FOSSILS FOUND IN MUSEUMS

PLANT OR ANIMAL FOSSILS FOUND IN MUSEUMS

Introduction

Dinosaurs are diverse species of reptiles of the clade dinosaurs with the first species having appeared during the Triassic period (between 243 and 233.23 million years ago). Nonetheless, the actual time of the origin of dinosaurs and their evolution is a subject of research. After the Triassic- Jurassic extinction event that occurred about 201 million years ago, dinosaurs because dominant terrestrial vertebrates and their dominance persisted through the Cretaceous and Jurassic periods. According to research on fossil records, birds are regarded as the modern feathered dinosaurs that evolved from theropods in the late Jurassic Period (Bell, Brougham, Herne, Frauenfelder & Smith 2019; Bell, Herne, Brougham & Smith, 2018). Dinosaurs are defined under the phylogenetic nomenclature as consisting of the most recent common ancestor of Triceratops and Neornithes as well as all its descendants.

The record of Australia’s dinosaur is one of the most poorly understood with very limited species discovered in the past hundred years. A new species was discovered hidden in the glittering fossils that is believed to be living thousands of years ago. Fostoria dhimbangunmal is a species of iguanodontian ornithopoda dinosaruria recorded from the Griman Creek Formation of New South Wales, Australia. This new discovery was described in 2019 by Bell, Brougham, Herne, Frauenfelder and Smith (2019). The fossils remain belong to the first family group of dinosaurs preserved in opal. The fossil was discovered in Lightning Ridge town that is located about 450 miles northwest of Sydney.

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NATURAL HISTORY: PLANT OR ANIMAL FOSSILS FOUND IN MUSEUMS

Natural History
Each exercise should be 300-400 words long
Exercise 2: LAND BRIDGES FROM MARINE TRANSGRESSIONS
Here are four famous ‘land bridges’ that once existed:
1. Doggerland (now under the English Channel)
2. Beringia (between Alaska and Russia)
3. Sunda Shelf (between Malaysia and the Indonesian islands)
4. Between Tasmania and the Australian mainland (remnant hills are the islands of
the Furneaux group, which include King Island and Flinders Island.
Taking one land bridge, examine journal papers and select a journal paper that gives
evidence for the existence of human activities OR plant and animal distributions that
once occurred across that particular ‘land bridge’. Summarise the main findings of
the paper. The point of this exercise is that you will learn to search on google scholar
for specific quests that are related to landscape, and to reference correctly.

Exercise 3: HISTORIC OR CURRENT RECORDING OF FLORA AND
FAUNA
Find an image, sketch, or painting of an Australian animal or plant, using either
trove.nla.gov.au or books from any library. The submission must include an image of
the book page with page number or the live link.
You will note:
? • What species is shown? Describe its features.
? • What were the circumstances, time, and place that it was recorded?
? • Who is the author? What is their background? Amateur private sketchbook or
scientific expedition?
? • Why do you think the author took the trouble to record this plant or animal?
? • What medium did the author use? Note any issues about colour, publication,
format (e.g. in booklet). NATURAL HISTORY: PLANT OR ANIMAL FOSSILS FOUND IN MUSEUMS.
The point of this exercise is to examine a wide range of material and find and explore
many different styles of recording information. Botanical sketchbooks are a great
source. You should have a great exploration of many beautiful drawings with this
exercise.

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