1. Dinosaur (Fostoria, dhimbangunmal)

Fostoria dhimbangunmal lived in the early about 100 million years ago during the Cretaceous period but its opalized remains were only fined in 1980s in an underground mine at Lightning Ridge town. The discovery indicated that the species lived during the time that continents were on the move and busy remoldeling the shape as well as the tone of life on earth (Bell, Brougham, Herne, Frauenfelder & Smith 2019). Currently, the remains of Fostoria dhimbangunmal are found in fossils (opal- encrusted dinosaurs) that represent the entirely the new species in Australia. In this case, there are only opalized bones which when examined in a museum represent the new species of Fostoria dhimbangunmal. About 60 opalized bones from an adult dinosaur as well as a part of the braincase and bones from at least three animals have been discovered in Australia (Bell, Herne, Brougham & Smith 2018).

The Fostoria dhimbangunmal species ruled the world during the Cretaceous period in warm, shallow seas that spilled onto the continent environment. During this time period, there was rapid dispersal of flowering plants that spread through the help of insects from bees and wasps (Herne, Tait, Weisbecker, Hall, Nair, Cleeland & Salisbury 2018). Fostoria dhimbangunmal lived in a time when there was relatively warm climate that resulted from high eustatic sea levels. According to Close, Vickers-Rich, Trusler, Chiappe, O’Connor, Rich, Kool and Komarower (2009), birds are believed to the only living descendants of Fostoria dhimbangunmal. However, the authors noted that there are other animals living today that are related to dinosaurs such reptile group including crocodiles, lizards, turtles, birds and snakes.



Assignment 2: CATALOGUE
1000 words ± 10%
Catalogue and report on the natural history of FIVE items all from one
category as study of SEEN, ‘LIVE’ materials (i.e. not imaged from the
internet). You will address questions that are specific for each category. All
species should have their scientific name (genus, species).
Select one category from:
(a) Made objects from natural materials (but not houses!) (e.g. blankets,
woven baskets, flax sails) from displays in museums, dealers, galleries, etc.
(b) Geological OR soil specimens on display in museums
(c) Plant OR animal fossils found in museums
(d) Seafood sold at Victoria Markets or similar
(e) Vegetables OR fruit sold in Melbourne grocer shops

Made objects: questions
1. Where did the material originate from? (plant or animal)
2. What is its method of production?
3. Who is involved in the making?
4. What travel route did the object take?
Geological/soil specimens: questions
1. Where was it collected?
2. What is it used for?
3. What is its symbolic significance?
4. What is its Impact on the environment from its extraction method?
Plant/ animal fossils: questions
1. When was the time of living entity?
2. What is left of it today?
3. What were the environmental conditions of living entity?
4. Does it have any living descendants?
Seafood: questions
1. Identify Family name of animal, species
2. Was it wild caught or farmed?
3. Where and how was it fished or farmed?
4. What is its conservation status (give reference)?
Vegetables OR fruit: questions
1. What is the origin of original plant? (i.e: centre of domestication)
2. Where was this (piece of) vegetable or fruit grown before it came to market?
3. Is it a cultivar/ variety? Origin or story behind the development of the cultivar?
4. To what diseases is the vegetable or fruit susceptible? Discuss one disease briefly, giving the
organism’s species name…. PLANT OR ANIMAL FOSSILS FOUND IN MUSEUMS…….