TWO SMALL EXERCISES

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TWO SMALL EXERCISES

Exercise 2: Land Bridges from Marine Transgressions

Doggerland is a former land area in the North Sea region that has been considered a potential settlement area of the Mesolithic and Palaeolithic hunter- gatherer societies. There are a number of studies that give evidence for the existence of human activities or animal distributions that occurred in Doggerland (Coles 2000; Kruger, Dorfler, Bennike & Wolters 2017; Sturt, Garrow & Bradley 2013).

Kruger, Dorfler, Bennike and Wolters (2017) argue that despite that there is low number of retouched flint artefacts and harpoons, there is indisputable evidence of former human presence. The study further indicates that countless bones of mammal are clear indication of a rich and changing environment. However, it is impossible to conduct a systematic archaeological exploration on the land because the area is totally submerged. Nonetheless, the history of the area can be studied through palaeoecological methods. This study aimed at investigating and understanding the living conditions in Doggerland at the Pleistocene- Holocene transition and the impact of the submergence on the potential settlement areas. In doing this, the study sub- sampled both cores at 5 mm intervals throughout the peat sections while the silt, clay, and sand sections were sampled at least 2mm intervals (Kruger, Dorfler, Bennike & Wolters 2017: 5).

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TWO SMALL EXERCISES

Natural History
Each exercise should be 300-400 words long
Exercise 2: LAND BRIDGES FROM MARINE TRANSGRESSIONS
Here are four famous ‘land bridges’ that once existed:
1. Doggerland (now under the English Channel)
2. Beringia (between Alaska and Russia)
3. Sunda Shelf (between Malaysia and the Indonesian islands)
4. Between Tasmania and the Australian mainland (remnant hills are the islands of
the Furneaux group, which include King Island and Flinders Island.
Taking one land bridge, examine journal papers and select a journal paper that gives
evidence for the existence of human activities OR plant and animal distributions that
once occurred across that particular ‘land bridge’. Summarise the main findings of
the paper. The point of this exercise is that you will learn to search on google scholar
for specific quests that are related to landscape, and to reference correctly.

Exercise 3: HISTORIC OR CURRENT RECORDING OF FLORA AND
FAUNA
Find an image, sketch, or painting of an Australian animal or plant, using either
trove.nla.gov.au or books from any library. The submission must include an image of
the book page with page number or the live link.
You will note:
? • What species is shown? Describe its features.
? • What were the circumstances, time, and place that it was recorded?
? • Who is the author? What is their background? Amateur private sketchbook or
scientific expedition?
? • Why do you think the author took the trouble to record this plant or animal?
? • What medium did the author use? Note any issues about colour, publication,
format (e.g. in booklet).
The point of this exercise is to examine a wide range of material and find and explore
many different styles of recording information. Botanical sketchbooks are a great
source. You should have a great exploration of many beautiful drawings with this
exercise. TWO SMALL EXERCISES.

 

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