Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya

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Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya

Introduction

Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya, lies in the East African region. It is arguably the most
vibrant city in the region, and home to a number of United Nations Office like UN Habitat, UN
Environmental Program (UNEP), and many other international offices (Oyugi & K’Akumu
2007, p. 94). It is also the African operation centre for a number of multinationals like Google.
Nairobi is the gateway to the Sub Saharan region with countries like China choosing it to be their
entry point to the rest of the continent. Nairobi is faced with major urban planning challenges.
The population of Nairobi has grown rapidly from a non-existing cattle watering point at the turn
of the 20 th century to a bustling metropolis with a population of 6.5 million while the city centre
has a population of about 3.1 million according to the 2009 census (Makworo & Mirer, 2011, p.
1118). Referred to as the City in the Sun, Nairobi continue to experience growing population
pressure from the growing population as more and more troop in search for work and
opportunities. Nairobi contributes about 60% of the GDP because it is not only the
administrative centre of the country but also the industrial centre (Oyugi & K’Akumu 2007, p.
95).

Category:

Description

Assessments
Assignment 1: Essay (Graded)
Essay on Comparison of Planning Systems
(Maximum 1000 words (excluding tables, illustrations, bibliography)

You are required to write an essay on western planning system. A planning system is the process
andprocedure in place for planning of cities and regions, system for enforcement, and institutional
settingsgoverning the planning process. It is sufficient to base the essay on a planning system as it is
generallyfollowed in English speaking countries, for example UK, North America, Australia. Choose either
United Statesor UK or Australia as the focus of the assignment. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.
You are required to elaborate:
1. Nature, content and emphasis of planning and plans
2. How planning of cities and regions is dealt with under the general framework of planning
3. Planning institutions and their role
4. Examples of success and failure
Assessment will be based on:
1. Evidence of research (40%)

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2. Clarity of ideas and expression (20%)
3. Logical argument (20%)
4. Ability to comprehend and present issues (10%)
5. Appropriate reference (10%)
The assignment should be organised under suitable headings and subheadings and all pages must
benumbered. References should be listed at the end of the assignment. Harvard reference system should
beused.Online resources are available on Harvard style. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.
References from unverified sources like Wikipedia MUST be avoided.
Feedback on this assessment will be provided on the Feedback form. Assignments will be returned in two
tothree weeks. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.
Extensions will only be granted in exceptional circumstances. If required students should contact thestudent
counsellors in the Teaching and Learning unit. http://www.unisa.edu.au/ltu/contact/teams/counselling.asp
Checklist – Assignment1
1. Coversheet is not required for assignments submitted online
2. Write name(s) of students and student ID number on first page
3. Decent page margins (at least 2.5 cm on sides and 2 cm top and bottom)
4. Text typed at 1.5 line space
5. One blank line space after paragraph
6. Caption for all figures and tables
7. Maps and charts should be cited as Figure
8. Caption for figure placed below the figure and caption for table above the table
9. All figures and tables cited in the text
10. Figures and tables placed after it is cited in the text
11. Cite the source for figures and tables reproduced from other sources
12. References listed following Harvard referencing style
13. Page number on all pages
14. No blank spaces or page break after sections
15. Retain copy of the assignment till you receive marks
Assignments will be marked and returned in two to three weeks.
Feedback on this assignment will be provided on the Feedback form.
Assignment 2: Essay (Graded)
Assignment 2 – Planning Typologies and Housing (further information will be provided in the class)
Maximum 2500 words (excluding tables, illustrations, bibliography)
Search the literature on planning in developing countries focussing on population growth, strategic and statutory
urban planning, housing systems, land delivery and methods of provision of infrastructure and services.
Choose a city from a developing country which has substantial informal housing. Choose a city on which there
are sufficient material available. Depending on the city you choose some of the eReaders available on the
course homepage may be useful. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.
Describe strategic and statutory urban planning model/style followed in the city. For example types and nature
of plans (strategy plans, stature plans, master plans etc. as they may be called)
Identify strategies and policies followed with respect to land acquisition, zoning, housing polices and housing
delivery.
Discuss how plans are implemented and its success and failure on housing and infrastructure.
Critically analyse how informal housing come about and continue to persist and is a form of housing for
substantial proportion of urban dwellers. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.
How does informal settlements coexist with planned development and how planning strategies, land policies
deal with informal housing?

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Describe attempts, if any, towards improvement of the quality and liveability of informal housing such as self-
help or sites and services and regularisation of housing. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.

Discuss why informal housing persists in developing countries and what can be done about it.

Assessment is based on the quality of the grasp of the issue, reading, research, clarity of ideas and
expression,logical arguments and ability to comprehend issues in different socioeconomic settings. Assessment
details areas below.
1. Evidence of research (40%)
2. Synthesis of information (10%)
3. Critical analysis of texts (20%)
4. Development of arguments (20%)
5. Grammar, expression, referencing (10%)
Essay should be organised under suitable headings and subheadings. Minimum of 1.5 line spacing should be
used. On the first page number of words should be stated. Word count should exclude words in table, graphics,
table of contents, and bibliographic references. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.
References from unverified sources like Wikipedia MUST be avoided. Harvard referencing system should be
used. Essay should have a cover page available on the course homepage.
Harvard referencing style must be used.
Feedback on this assessment will be provided on the Feedback form, a copy of which is available on the course
homepage. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.
Continuous assessment (Graded)
Assessment Activities
Name Sub-weighting Due date (Adelaide Time) Submit via
Portfolio of tutorial tasks All activities equally weighted 27 Apr 2018, 5:00 PM learnonline
Presentation on assigned
topic

All activities equally weighted 1 Jun 2018, 5:00 PM learnonline

Continuous Assessment (20)

Continuous assessment includes two types of tasks carried out during tutorial classes:
1) Tutorial portfolio (10%)
2) Presentation on assigned topic (10%)
Every week from second week until week 7 tutorials involve completing worksheets on reading material related
to the lecture topic. Students are expected to read the assigned reading material in conjunction with the lecture
and complete the tutorial worksheets. Students should make a portfolio of any THREE tutorial tasks from week
2 to week 7.
Week 8 onwards students work in small groups and make a 15 minute presentation on an assignmend topic.
The presentation will be assessed by staff and students.
More information will be provided in class. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.

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Negotiable assessment methods
Students fail to meet assignment deadlines due to valid reasons can ask for extension prior to the assessment
due date provided the request is supported by documetary evidence. All requests must be made to the course
coordinator through Learnonline. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.
Under no circumstances assignments will be accepted via email. Assignment 1 and 2 must be
submittedthrough Learnonline.
Exam Arrangements
This course does not have an exam.
Variations to exam arrangements
Variation to exam arrangements does not apply to this course.
Supplementary Assessment
Supplementary assessment or examination offers students an opportunity to gain a supplementary pass (SP)
and is available to all students under the following conditions unless supplementary assessment or examination
has not been approved for the course:
1. if the student has achieved a final grade between 45-49 per cent (F1) in a course
2. if a student who has successfully completed all of the courses within their program, with the
exception of two courses in their final study period, a supplementary assessment or examination
may be granted where the final grade in either or both of these courses, is less than 45 percent
(F1 or F2) and all assessments in the courses were attempted by the student. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.

More information about supplementary assessment is available in section 7.5 of the Assessment Policy and
Procedures Manual.
http://w3.unisa.edu.au/policies/manual/default.asp
Important information about all assessment
All students must adhere to the University of South Australia’s policies about assessment:
http://w3.unisa.edu.au/policies/manual/default.asp. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.
Students with disabilities or medical conditions
Student with disabilities or medical conditions or students who are carers may be entitled to a variation or
modification to standard assessment arrangements. See Section 7 of the Assessment Policy and Procedures
Manual (APPM) at: http://w3.unisa.edu.au/policies/manual/default.asp
Students can register for an Access Plan with UniSA Access & Inclusion Service. It is important to make contact
early to ensure that appropriate support can be implemented or arranged in a timely manner. See the Disability
Hub for more information: http://www.unisa.edu.au/Disability/Current-students
Students are advised there is a deadline to finalise Access Plan arrangements for examinations. Further

information is available at: http://i.unisa.edu.au/campus-central/Exams_R/Before-the-Exam/Alternative-exam-
arrangements/

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Deferred Assessment or Examination
Deferred assessment or examination is not available for this course. APPM 7.6.4
Special Consideration
Special consideration is not available for this course. APPM 7.7.4
Variations to assessment tasks
Variation to assessment methods, tasks and timelines may be provided in:
Unexpected or exceptional circumstances, for example bereavement, unexpected illness (details of
unexpected or exceptional circumstances for which variation may be considered are discussed in clauses 7.8 –
7.10 of the Assessment Policy and Procedures Manual). Variation to assessment in unexpected or exceptional
circumstances should be discussed with your course coordinator as soon as possible. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.
Special circumstances, for example religious observance grounds, or community services (details of special
circumstances for which variation can be considered are discussed in clause 7.11 of the Assessment Policy and
Procedures Manual). Variations to assessment in expected circumstances must be requested within the first
two weeks of the course (or equivalent for accelerated or intensive teaching). Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.
Marking process
Assessments are marked by the course coordinator and tutor respectively. Marks will be moderated by the
course coordinator to maintain overall consistency.
Academic Integrity
Academic integrity is the foundation of university life and is fundamental to the reputation of UniSA and its staff
and students. Academic integrity means a commitment by all staff and students to act with honesty,
trustworthiness, fairness, respect and responsibility in all academic work.
An important part of practising integrity in academic work is showing respect for other people’s ideas, and being
honest about how they have contributed to your work. This means taking care not to represent the work of
others as your own. Using another person’s work without proper acknowledgement is considered Academic
Misconduct, and the University takes this very seriously. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.
The University of South Australia expects students to demonstrate the highest standards of academic integrity
so that its degrees are earned honestly and are trusted and valued by its students and their employers. To
ensure this happens, the University has policies and procedures in place to promote academic integrity and
manage academic misconduct. For example, students must not submit the same work in whole or in part, for
assessment in multiple UniSA courses and work submitted electronically by students for assessment will be
examined for copied and un-referenced text using the text comparison software Turnitin http://www.turnitin.com.
More information about academic integrity and what constitutes academic misconduct can be found in Section 9
of the Assessment Policies and Procedures Manual (APPM): http://w3.unisa.edu.au/policies/manual/
default.asp. The Academic Integrity Module explains in more detail how students can work with integrity at the
University: https://lo.unisa.edu.au/mod/book/view.php?id=252142
Submission and return of assessment tasks
All assessments must be submitted through Learnonline by the due date. Any request for extension must be
made through Learnonline before the due date.
Marked assessments will be returned in two to three weeks from the due date. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.

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Action from previous evaluations
Course content is updated from time to time to include emerging topics and recent literature and references.
Most of the reference material is accessible through the course homepage. However links to more recent
literature will be provided and students are expected to access the material. Most of the literature required
for tutorial classes are available through the library. Assessment tasks have been reviewed and modified in the
light of previous evaluations. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.
At course completion students have the opportunity to provide anonymous feedback through the
CourseEvaluation Instrument (CEI), an online questionnaire accessible through the course Learnonline. The
CEI willallow you to give feedback on the development of Graduate Qualities, teaching approaches, the delivery
of thecourse, and the studio environment. This feedback is invaluable in enabling staff to improve delivery
andconditions under which the course is offered.You will be sent an email with a direct link to the survey
towards the end of semester and informed of how toaccess the instrument during normal class times.
Based on student feedback in 2016 and 2017 assessment tasks were modified to inlcude continuous
assessment.
Further Assessment Information
Further details on assignment 1 and 2 will be provided in the lecture class.
Unplanned learnonline outages
The information below show the suggested alterations/considerations for assessment items and exam
dependent on the duration of the unplanned outage

less than 1 hour outage. No impact on either assessment or examination
1 to 4 hour outage. Assessment – Consider an extension. Examination – No impact.
4 to 24 hour outage. Assessment – 24 hour extension. Examination – Be mindful of outage when marking
Over 24 hour outage. Assessment – 48 hour extension. Examination- Be mindful of outage when marking

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Course Calendar
Study Period 2 – 2018
Weeks Topic Tutorial Assessment Details
(Adelaide Time)

1 26 February – 04 March Course introduction Overview of tutorial tasks
and expectations
2 05 – 11 March Planning: State of Affair Tutorial
3 12 – 18 March Comparing Planning

Models

Tutorial

4 19 – 25 March Western Planning
System

Tutorial

5 26 March – 01 April Metropolitan Planning

Styles

Tutorial

6 02 – 08 April Land Tenure, Property
Rights and Planning

Tutorial Assignment 1: Essay due
06 Apr 2018, 5:00 PM

09 – 15 April Mid-break
16 – 22 April Mid-break
7 23 – 29 April Formal and informal
housing

Tutorial Continuous assessment:
Portfolio of tutorial tasks

8 30 April – 06 May Planning case studies Student presentations
9 07 – 13 May Planning case studies Student presentations
10 14 – 20 May Planning case studies Student presentations
11 21 – 27 May Planning case studies Student presentations
12 28 May – 03 June Emerging planning
trends. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.

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Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya

Introduction

Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya, lies in the East African region. It is arguably the most
vibrant city in the region, and home to a number of United Nations Office like UN Habitat, UN
Environmental Program (UNEP), and many other international offices (Oyugi & K’Akumu
2007, p. 94). It is also the African operation centre for a number of multinationals like Google.
Nairobi is the gateway to the Sub Saharan region with countries like China choosing it to be their
entry point to the rest of the continent. Nairobi is faced with major urban planning challenges.
The population of Nairobi has grown rapidly from a non-existing cattle watering point at the turn
of the 20 th century to a bustling metropolis with a population of 6.5 million while the city centre
has a population of about 3.1 million according to the 2009 census (Makworo & Mirer, 2011, p.
1118). Referred to as the City in the Sun, Nairobi continue to experience growing population
pressure from the growing population as more and more troop in search for work and
opportunities. Nairobi contributes about 60% of the GDP because it is not only the
administrative centre of the country but also the industrial centre (Oyugi & K’Akumu 2007, p.
95)………. Urban Planning in Nairobi, Kenya.

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