Working with a Special Population.
Unit 1 Theories of Alcohol and Other Drug Use (Weeks 1–2)
The first unit asks you to select a topic and to develop a plan for self-directed
change. Understanding the experience of the addicted client contributes to the
effectiveness of addiction counselors. Addiction takes many forms and motivates
individuals to alter their normal behavior in an effort to maintain their addiction.
For example, a caffeine-addicted mother might cause her child to arrive late at an
important sports event so that she can get coffee at a Starbucks drive-in. Under
normal circumstances, this mother would have made sure her child was on time.
However, the pull of the caffeine addiction altered the mother's decision-making
In this unit, you will select a topic and develop a plan for a self-directed change
project. Choose one personal addiction or behavior that you would like to
overcome or change. Personal addiction or addictive behavior can involve, for
example, cigarettes or smokeless tobacco, sugar, approval, sodas, chocolate,
television, internet, online gaming, alcohol, drugs, caffeine, gambling, and
To successfully complete this learning unit, you will be expected to:
1. Examine topics related to alcohol use and recovery.
2. Apply addiction counseling concepts in self-assessment.
3. Evaluate personal strengths and weaknesses.
4. Write clearly and professionally, and include APA sources, to address a
peer audience. Working with a Special Population.
Draw from readings in textbooks, peer-reviewed articles, or other professional
resources that address theories and approaches for developing, implementing,
and evaluating change behaviors related to addiction. Review the Unit 1
assignment to understand the specific content areas you will need to address
and support with references to the professional literature.
Progression and Recovery
The Progression and Recovery of the Alcoholic in the Disease of
Occasional Relief Drinking.
Constant Relief Drinking Commences.
Increase in Alcohol Tolerance.
Onset of Memory Blackouts.
Urgency of First Drinks.
Feelings of Guilt.
Increasing Dependence on Alcohol.
Memory Blackouts Increase.
Unable to Discuss Problem.
Drinking Bolstered with Excuses. Working with a Special Population.
Decrease of Ability to Stop Drinking when Others Do So.
Grandiose and Aggressive Behavior.
Efforts to Control Fail Repeatedly.
Promises and Resolutions Fail.
Tries Geographical Escapes.
Loss of Other Interests.
Family and Friends Avoided.
Work and Money Troubles.
Loss of Ordinary Will Power.
Tremors and Early Morning Drinks.
Neglect of Food.
Decrease in Alcohol Tolerance.
Onset of Lengthy Intoxications.
Drinking with Inferiors.
Unable to Initiate Action.
Obsession with Drinking.
Vague Spiritual Desires.
All Alibis Exhausted.
Complete Defeat Admitted.
Obsessive Drinking Continues in Vicious Circles.
Honest Desire for Help.
Learns Alcoholism is an Illness. Working with a Special Population.
Told Addiction Can be Arrested.
Stops Taking Alcohol.
Meets Normal and Happy Former Addicts.
Takes Stock of Self.
Right Thinking Begins.
Spiritual Needs Examined.
Physical Overhaul by Doctor.
Onset of New Hope.
Start of Group Therapy.
Appreciation of Possibilities of New Way of Life.
Diminishing Fears of the Unknown Future.
Regular Nourishment Taken.
Return of Self-Esteem.
Desire to Escape Goes.
Natural Rest and Sleep.
Adjustment to Family Needs.
Family and Friends Appreciate Efforts.
New Interests Develop.
New Circle of Stable Friends.
Rebirth of Ideals.
Facts Faced with Courage.
Appreciation of Real Values.
Increase of Emotional Control.
Confidence of Employers.
First Steps Towards Economic Stability.
Contentment in Sobriety.
Care of Personal Appearance.
Group Therapy and Mutual Help Continue.
Enlightened and Interesting Way of Life Opens Up with Road Ahead to
Higher Levels than Ever Before.
Adapted From: Jellinek, E.M., The Disease concept of Alcoholism,
Hillhouse, (New Haven), 1960
Assignment 1: Two pages needed with 4 references. Working with a Special Population.
Plan for Self-Directed Change
Select a behavior and develop a plan for a self-directed change project. Choose
one personal addiction or behavior that you would like to overcome or change.
Personal addiction or addictive behavior can involve, for example, cigarettes or
smokeless tobacco, sugar, approval, sodas, chocolate, television, the Internet,
online gaming, alcohol, drugs, caffeine, gambling, and overeating.
Write a two-page paper that:
o Applies addiction counseling concepts in a self-assessment.
o Evaluates personal strengths and weaknesses.
o Is written clearly and professionally to address a peer audience.
To accomplish this, please consider the following:
1. Describe the area of personal behavior you would like to change.
2. List and describe whether the behavior meets the criteria for an addiction.
3. Why do you desire this change?
4. What has prevented you from changing this behavior in the past?
5. What counseling strategies and tactics do you intend to use to overcome
this behavior or addiction?
6. How will you evaluate your success in overcoming your addiction or
changing your behavior?
Please keep in mind that although this is a personal assessment, a professional
tone and voice should be maintained. Cite sources as necessary using APA
format. Integrate at least two peer-reviewed articles from the library.
APA Style and Formatting
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